Surrogacy has been practiced around the globe for quite some time now. Having a child with the help of another woman, known as surrogate mother, is becoming a popular trend all over the world, thanks to the fast-paced lifestyles, the rise in impotency and greater numbers of singles and homosexual people.
This has given rise to fertility tourism where patients with fertility problems go abroad to seek fertilization and reproductive solutions, including surrogacy, third-party gamete (egg and sperm) transfer, and in-vitro fertilization, in order to have a baby.
Indeed, commercial surrogacy in India has now become a boon for worldwide infertile couples, lesbians and others who are desirous of enjoying the bliss of parenthood.
Commercial surrogacy can be defined as an arrangement in which the intended parents pay a fee to the surrogate mother in exchange for her carrying and delivering a baby.
Paid surrogacy, however, is a complex issue mainly on account of the variation in laws applicable in different countries of the world. For instance, countries like New Zealand, Hong Kong, France, Italy, Iceland, Canada, the United Kingdom and Australia have banned commercial surrogacy, mainly due to the concerns that women may be coerced, or even forced, to serve as breeding machines.
On the other hand, the advocates of commercial surrogacy contend that this kind of surrogacy can be useful for both intended parents and surrogates. While the hopeful parents receive the baby they have always desired, the surrogates who often come from the lower end of the economic spectrum get relatively well paid.
Why Commercial Surrogacy Popular in India?
Surrogacy is either frightfully expensive or not legally recognized in the industrialized countries of the West. A number of Western childless couples, therefore, are thronging India to seek affordable surrogacy arrangements to fulfill their dream of having their own baby.
The whole process of surrogacy in India falls to one third of the cost in US, UK and other Western countries.
India's lenient law towards surrogacy and its commercialization has made this newly industrialized country an ideal place to find a surrogate. India's Supreme Court gave its thumbs up to commercial surrogacy in 2002, in an attempt to promote medical tourism.
There are a lot of young woman in India who get ready to rent their womb for nine months to another couple or person in exchange for money. As a matter of fact, many Indian women come from impoverished areas and turn to commercial surrogate motherhood in order to lessen their poverty.
The fertility tourism boom in India has led to the establishment of numerous reputable fertility clinics that are offering the top class gestational surrogacy or IVF treatment options to international infertile couples.
The impressive success rate of Indian surrogacy is another reason why hundred thousands of childless couples, singles and bisexuals are flocking to India to “rent a womb” and even don't mind to pay a gestational surrogate to carry a pregnancy and deliver a baby for them.
Furthermore, a legal contract between the two parties is always signed, which waives surrogate mother's right to keep the child. The Indian law even states that a surrogate mother's name is not to appear on the birth certificate. As of now, the India law does not restrict a homosexual couple from getting surrogacy services and hiring a surrogate mother to bear a baby for them.
Finally, the privacy of the surrogate mother and the intended parents is the added advantage of getting surrogacy in India.