For the harmonious development of a child's personality, it is necessary that he grows up in an atmosphere of happiness, love and understanding. Each child benefits from a loving home in profound ways. Inter-country adoption has made it possible for thousands of children throughout the world to live happily, receive care and security, and grow to his full potential when relative or new parents within their own communities cannot be found. This is what an inter-country adoption will provide.
An inter-country adoption is also called foreign adoption. The process differs from country to country as it is governed by the laws of the countries where both the adoptive parents and the child reside. This may mean both the federal and state law in the US and also where the adoption is legalized. Also, if the child's home country is a party to the Hague Adoption Convention, it is mandatory to follow the Hague processes of both countries. Adoptive parents who are considering adoption should consider all these factors when trying to assess what to expect.
Inter-country adoption is the process by which you transfer the parental rights of the birth parents legally to another parent(s). This effectively means that you adopt a child from a different country than your own through permanent legal means and bring the child to your home country so that he or she can live there with you permanently. After a foreign adoption, the child will have the same rights and privileges as a birth child would have e.g. inheritance. Adoptions that are labelled 'simple', 'conditional' or 'limited' e.g. conducted under the Islamic Family Law in some countries are more accurately given the status of guardianship rather than an adoption for US immigration purposes. Parents wanting to adopt a child from another country must be found eligible to adopt under US law. This is generally the responsibility of the USCIS or US Citizenship and Immigration Services and the Department of Homeland Security. Unless and until USCIS determines that the parent is eligible to adopt from another country, he cannot do so. There are however, certain rules and regulations to bring a foreign born child into the US and these basic requirements are:
- You must be a U.S. Citizen.
- If you are unmarried, you must be at least 25 years old.
- If the parents are married, they must jointly adopt the child (even if separated but not divorced), and your spouse must also be either a U.S. citizen.
- Certain requirements are mandatory before determining your suitability as a prospective adoptive parent, including criminal background checks, fingerprinting, and a home study.
- The cost of adoption services for adoption from another country also varies widely from case to case. Many services of this kind can cost as much as $30,000 per case. An adoption agency must specify all expected costs that would be connected with the adoption before you sign a services contract with that agency.